GAP Year

GAP Year

SHORT TITLE
GAP Year

FULL TITLE
Girls Achieve Power (GAP) Year: Building Health, Social and Educational Assets for Empowering Girls at Critical Time of Adolescent Transition

SUMMARY
Adolescence is a crucial developmental period for girls, a time in which they may either acquire or lose critical social assets. Literature reveals an increase in vertical funding for adolescent girls and young women. The GAP Year intervention, therefore, scrutinized and reviewed series of adapted constructs of program activities across published theories and articles [1] to develop the whole girls’ approach framework which is aimed at improving adolescent girls’ assets as they progress through education. Unlike boys, adolescent girls face structural, social, health and educational barriers such as teenage pregnancy, early and forced marriages, HIV/STI`s, and therefore are more likely to drop out of school. [2]. The GAP Year study is aligned to the national campaign “SHE Conquers” cardinal objectives and other international initiatives particularly those that relate to national school programmes including (1) decreasing HIV infection among adolescent, (2) decreasing of teen pregnancies, (3) integrated access to care and treatment, (4) keeping girls in school, (5) increasing reported experiences in GBV and (6) adolescent economic empowerment. GAP year is also aligned to the National Department of Education policy on HIV, STIs and TB, along with the National School Safety Framework. The study, therefore aims to generate an evidence base around the impact of asset-building approaches for adolescent girls that can be utilized by policy makers and to strengthen programme responses.

SITE LOCATIONS
Western Cape and Gauteng

POPULATION
Grade 8 learners, school administrators, educators, prinicipals, coaches and learner’ parents/guardians, health care workers and Thuthuzela centers, Departments of Education and health

INVESTIGATORS
Dr Saiqa Mullick, Principal Investigator and Nicolette Naidoo, Co- Principal Investigator

DONORS/SPONSORS
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

PARTNERS AND COLLABORATORS
Grassroots Soccer
Sonke Gender Justice
Path International
Department of Basic Education
Gauteng Department of Education (GDE)
Western Cape Education Department (WCDE)
Department of Health
Department of Social Development
NGO Community
Wits RHI Youth and Community Advisory Boards

PUBLICATIONS
Publications:
1. Magida A, Adeagbo OA, Mullick S, Naidoo NP, Yah CS. The use of soccer based Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) education interventions among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review. Abstract submitted to Public Health Association of South Africa | Conference 2016.
2. Yah, CS., Naidoo, NP, Magida, A., Mullick, S. Girls Achieve Power: Building Health, Social and Educational Assets for Empowering Girls at Critical Time of Adolescent Transition: A Trial Protocol.

Presentations and Conference Abstracts:
1. Stakeholder presentations on GAP year to National and Provincial Departments of Education and Health
2. Magida A, Adeagbo OA, Mullick S, Naidoo NP, Yah CS. The use of soccer based Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) education interventions among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review. Poster presented at Public Health Association of South Africa | Conference 2016.
3. Nicolette Naidoo - Implementing an innovative peer led health promotion and education intervention to empower in and out of school youth. Satellite Session at HEAIDS conference, June 2017
4. Magida A, Naidoo NP, Yah CS, Nukeri, C, Gubesa, T and, S, Mullick. Perceived school and community safety: insights from adolescent boys and girls in Soweto and Khayelitsha. Poster presented at SAAIDS, 2017
5. Ayanda Magida, Nicolette Naidoo, Clarence Yah, Saiqa Mullick. Reality through the lens of adolescent girls: using formative research to involve and engage adolescent: ’ girls in the conceptualization of the GAP year program – Abstract accepted to IAAH conference in Delhi, October 2017
6. Ayanda Magida, Nicolette Naidoo, Clarence Yah, Saiqa Mullick. Black is beautiful and white is common”: adolescent girls’ perceptions of self and body image. Abstract accepted to IAAH conference in Delhi, October 2017

REFERENCES
1. Eiraldi R, K.M., Jawad AF, Fishman J, Glick HA, Schwartz BS, Cacia J, Wandersman A, Beidas R., A hybrid effectiveness-implementation cluster randomized trial of group CBT for anxiety in urban schools: rationale, design, and methods. Implement Sci, 2016. 11.

2. Roman NV, F., J.M. , The prevalence of intimate partner violence in the family: a systematic review of the implications for adolescents in Africa. Family practice, 2013. 30(3): p. 256-65

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